What is innovation science, or rather, what makes our labs capable of supporting innovation? If you look back at history, many of our famous lab inventions came about in non-conventional and even accidental ways.
Thomas Edison is well known for his inventions and an amazing 1,093 patents, most of which were based on trial and error. He was once quoted as saying, “I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.” In June 1877, while working in the lab on an audio project, Edison and his assistants inadvertently scratched grooves into a disc. This unexpectedly produced a sound, which motivated Edison to create a rough sketch of a recording machine, the phonograph. By November of that year, Edison’s assistants had created a working model. Incredibly, the device worked on the first try, a rare outcome for an invention. This innovative idea made him famous.
How do you win a Nobel Prize? By sifting through your trash, of course. Like anyone eager to go on vacation, Alexander Fleming left a pile of dirty petri dishes stacked up at his workstation before he left town. When he returned from holiday on September 3, 1928, he discovered most of them had been contaminated—as you might expect would happen in a hospital bacteria lab. Fleming dumped most of the dishes in a vat of Lysol, but when he got to a dish containing staphylococcus, something odd caught his eye. The dish was covered in colonies of bacteria except in one area where a blob of mold was growing. Around the mold was an area free of bacteria, as if the mold had blocked it from spreading. He realized the mold could be used to kill a wide range of bacteria, and penicillin was invented. To this day, is it one of the most widely used antibiotics.
A few universities have taken a different approach. At the University of Michigan, (go blue!) there is a program called MCubed. This program stimulates innovative research and scholarship by distributing real-time seed funding to multi-unit, faculty-led teams. Through this revolutionary research funding program, three faculty members from at least two different campus units can form a collaborative trio or “cube” and request either $15,000 or $60,000 to immediately advance their idea. As an example, one pediatrician and two mechanical engineering professors came together and developed a biochip that quickly measures immune status with only one drop of blood. Through their MCubed results, these cube collaborators secured a $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health this past July, and they are now one step closer to saving patients’ lives. This program uses interdisciplinary methods to think about research by using nontraditional professions, such as composers, artists, linguists and more.
For the second consecutive year, Arizona State University is the nation’s most innovative school, according to U.S. News & World Report rankings (2015/2016). “We do things differently, and we constantly try new approaches,” ASU president Michael M. Crow said. “Our students’ paths to discovery don’t have to stay within the boundaries of a single discipline. Our researchers team up with colleagues from disparate fields of expertise. We use technology to enhance the classroom and reach around the world. We partner with cities, nonprofits and corporations to support our advances as the higher-education economy evolves. This ranking recognizes the new model we have created.”
Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) have been in the forefront of education. Teaching methods are still driving how space is configured. The innovation aspect that is changing how STEM is being taught is shifting toward industry. The education system is being challenged to have its students better prepared for real-world experience. Community colleges are looking at models to prepare their students for the next step: either the workforce or higher education. Higher education systems are partnering more with industry to provide funding, and the industry partners can leverage the knowledge and brain power of the more highly educated personnel.
Traditionally, laboratory design has been based on a rigid modular layout with rows of benches. In many cases, this can be a very effective and efficient approach, but integrating modular layouts with collaboration and workplace spaces can also have a very positive effect on the culture and environment of the research. To create an innovative layout, many of the following concepts apply:
- Relationship of the office to the lab
- Level of openness and flexibility
- Percentage and location of collaboration/interaction spaces
- Blurred lines of territory
Modular layouts can also be set up to run in both east-west and north-south directions. If tour routes are being used, a hexagonal shape can create a very unique way of displaying the science while increasing the linear feet of usable bench space.
In a lab, even the smallest details can have a big impact on efficiency. A good lab planner will listen to clients and researchers and design a workspace specific to their needs. If a researcher is struggling to perform a task, for example, making a change to the architectural details of the lab space can help improve productivity. Many innovative details can be used as explained in this article titled “Lab Planning Details that Matter.”
Laboratory owners are constantly challenged to create new research environments with limited budgets and few resources. In addition, consideration must be given to the “triple bottom line” (people, planet and profit) within these strict budgetary constraints. Cost-conscious owners want facilities to meet their vision and business objectives while also including flexibility, efficiency, safety and robust utility/engineering systems. Early in the process, strategies can be used that have no financial impact on the project. These strategies come from the lab planner’s previous design experience and include options specific to the current project. Along with these strategies, incorporating initial and ongoing dashboards facilitates making informed decisions from the planning phase all the way through occupancy. For concepts and ideas, see this article titled “Five “no-cost strategies” for your lab project.”
Laboratory projects can be extremely challenging and require a very thorough analysis. How do we as designers use our knowledge of past projects to work with clients to create their vision? In many cases, a high-level visioning process can be used in combination with practical approaches to create that vision in a day. With careful advanced planning and use of very interactive and visual tools, the process itself can build consensus and be fun for the groups involved. See this article on visioning your lab in one day for more information on facilitating this process.
What can we do today to make innovation science? We need to create spaces that help produce the spark of genius, encourage new ways of thinking and foster collaboration across disciplines.